Environment, Health & Safety

The cannabis industry is one of the fastest-growing, highly regulated industries in the nation, making compliance a critical component of any cannabis-related business. In addition to complying with rigorous state and local cannabis regulations, businesses must also comply with applicable Environment, Health and Safety (EHS) regulations from state and federal agencies, including OSHA and the EPA.

Environment, Health and Safety is an area where cannabis operators may be highly exposed to regulatory enforcement actions, and noncompliance can result in significant civil — and potential criminal — liability for both the business and the individuals within a company.

As the cannabis industry grows, so too will regulators’ interest in holding cannabis operators accountable for requisite environmental permits, licenses, and compliance. State and federal environmental regulators have already taken actions against cannabis companies for violations of the Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, and the Resource Conservation & Recovery Act, as well as holding landowners liable for environmental transgressions on their property. Additionally, states and local municipalities are increasingly incorporating sustainability requirements into license applications and regulations.

Is your business protected? 

Vicente LLP’s environmental attorneys have over 50 years of combined experience in the field and are ready to assist your cannabis business in complying with Environmental, Health & Safety laws through identification, prevention, mitigation, and resolution of relevant issues.



Select a category below to learn more about our Environment, Health & Safety services.

  • Assisting in obtaining necessary and proper environmental permits/licenses

  • Advising on proper permitting for projects and preparation of environmental impact statements

  • Assisting in obtaining waste permitting for cannabis production

  • Assisting with pesticide registration

  • Mitigating environmental enforcement risks

  • Preparing of environmental, health, & safety warnings and disclosures

  • Reviewing and advising on product labeling

  • Advising on green marketing claims
  • Identifying water rights and management

  • Advising on compliance with California’s Prop 65 requirements
  • Assisting with OSHA compliance

  • Preparing contracts/agreements addressing environmental issues
  • Performing environmental real estate due diligence

  • Assisting with land use and zoning matters

  • Advising on brownfields redevelopment

  • Assisting in wetland, riparian, floodplain, coastal, and preserved or protected agricultural land issues

  • Environmental review and contracting related to real estate matters

  • Defending civil litigation

  • Defending environmental enforcement actions brought by local, state, and/or federal government

  • Advising on reducing environmental impacts (carbon footprint, energy/water usage, waste disposal costs, etc.)

  • Advising on sustainability and climate change-related issues
  • Providing guidance on sustainable and resilient building construction strategies

  • Identifying and assisting in the preparation of grant applications


The Vicente LLP Environment, Health & Safety practice group includes three former state environmental regulatory attorneys with experience as former in-house environmental counsel to a Fortune 100 company, former environmental legal counsel to the Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources, and former litigation counsel to the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection. 

  • Facilitated, coordinated, and reviewed environmental assessments prior to cannabis company acquiring land and real estate 

  • Drafted environmental obligations agreement and environmental provisions of corporate documents for cannabis businesses 

  • Advised cannabis clients on the environmental risk and liability of purchasing contaminated or potentially contaminated properties and negotiation of terms

  • Managed a $2.6 million PCB remediation project 

  • Assessing environmental conditions of properties based upon the review of environmental reports and drafting opinion letters for institutional lenders assessing the environmental risk associated with providing financing using contaminated properties as collateral

  • Reviewed and negotiated environmental segments of acquisition and divestiture agreements

  • Represented company in state and federal Superfund PRP groups

  • Oversaw and directed technical consultants on environmental compliance, permitting, and remediation issues

  • Successfully represented facilities in administrative appeals and negotiated permits and Compliance Orders addressing air emissions from a facility in Indiana and water discharges from facilities in New York, Georgia, North Carolina, Texas, Alabama, Tennessee, and Louisiana

  • Negotiated settlements with state and federal agencies and other responsible parties to address remediation issues in California, Wisconsin, Washington, New Jersey, Ohio, Michigan, Pennsylvania and Illinois, resulting in reduced environmental liability exposure and substantial cost savings

  • Litigation of matters in administrative, state, and federal courts of law


Director of Regulatory Compliance

Director of Regulatory Compliance

Vice President of Eastern Markets and Business Intelligence


ABA Global Business of Cannabis Conference is Coming to Denver

Nov 9, 2021

The American Bar Association's International Law Section will host its first annual Global Business of Cannabis Conference in Denver, Colorado from November 10-12, 2021. Marc Ross is slated to join the panel "The Environmental Impact of Cannabis Cultivation: Does Legalization Make a Difference?"

[Webinar] Impact and ESG in the Cannabis Industry

Jun 15, 2021

Watch this recorded session to meet the new VS Impact & ESG team, learn more about this emerging business priority, and how to start planning and measuring your ESG practice – including Corporate Social Responsibility programs, meaningful Diversity, Equity & Inclusion efforts, environmental sustainability, and community and employee engagement.

Prop 65 Warning Requirements for Cannabis, THC and CBD

By Andrea A. Golan
Apr 13, 2020

In early 2020, California’s Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment added Δ9 THC and marijuana smoke to the Proposition 65 list of chemicals known as reproductive toxins. What does this mean for cannabis businesses?

    In the Media